Ubuntu is a high-quality Linux distribution based on Debian Linux. It provides various distributions customized to various purposes; Ubuntu, the "default" system, is based on GNOME. There are also Kubuntu (KDE), Xubuntu (XFCE), Edubuntu (educational, and provides LTSP) and possibly other official distributions; depending on whether this page is outdated, a DFSG1-style distribution in which all source media must be Open-licensed, as in GPL, BSD, Creative Commons, and/or Public Domain only. In addition, Ubuntu provides absolutely the highest level of driver support (at the expense of Free Software "purity") including nVidia, ATI, Intel, and other manufacturer's binary drivers.
Hyperlogos - hyper, from greek Huper, "over, beyond", and Logos, "the active, material, rational principle of the cosmos" (among other things.) Thus, the principle over all. The word Logos was utilized in the book Snow Crash as the word which expresses a thought; basically, the concept in sumerian mythology is that the word and the reality go hand in hand, and are basically inseperable from one another. You can see this concept at work as well in Ursula K. LeGuin's Earthsea series.